Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

The mechanical properties of human dentin for 3-D finite element modeling: Numerical and analytical evaluation

Wojciech Grzebieluch, Romuald Będziński, Tomasz Czapliński, Urszula Kaczmarek


Background. The FEM is often used in investigations of dentin loading conditions; however, its anisotropy is mostly neglected.
Objectives. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the anisotropy and the elastic properties of an equivalent homogenous material model of human dentin as well as to compare isotropic and anisotropic dentin FE-models.
Material and Methods. Analytical and numerical dentin homogenization according to Luciano and Barbero was performed and E-modulus (E), Poisson’s ratios (v) G-modulus (G) were calculated. The E-modulus of the dentin matrix was 28.0 GPa, Poisson’s ratio (v) was 0.3; finite element models of orthotropic and isotropic dentin were created, loaded and compared using Ansys® 14.5 and CodeAster® 11.2 software.
Results. Anisotropy of the dentin ranged from 6.9 to 35.2%. E-modulus and G-modulus were as follows: E1 = 22.0–26.0 GPa, E2/E3 = 15.7–23.0 GPa; G12/G13 = 6.96–9.35 GPa and G23 = 6.08–8.09 GPa (highest values in the superficial layer). In FEM analysis of the displacement values were higher in the isotropic than in the orthotropic model, reaching up to 16% by shear load, 37% by compression and 23% in the case of shear with bending. Strain values were higher in the isotropic model, up to 35% for the shear load, 31% for compression and 35% in the case of shear with bending. The decrease in the volumetric fraction and diameter of tubules increased the G and E values.
Conclusion. Anisotropy of the dentin applied during FEM analysis decreased the displacements and strain values. The numerical and analytical homogenization of dentin showed similar results.


Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2017, tom 26, nr 4, lipiec, str. 645–653

doi: 10.17219/acem/67441

PubMed ID: 28691430

Typ publikacji: praca oryginalna

Język publikacji: angielski